1542 - Explorer Cabrillo discovered Catalina Island off California coast.
1777 - American Revolutionary War: Americans beat the British in the Battle of Second Saratoga and the Battle of Bemis Heights.
2003 - California recall: California governor Gray Davis is recalled from office and replaced by Arnold Schwarzenegger.
1943 - Oliver North, U.S. Marine and politician
1959 - Simon Cowell, English recording executive and television judge
1849 - Edgar Allan Poe, American writer (b. 1809)