1 = Strongly disagree
2 = Disagree
3 = Neutral
4 = Agree
5 = Strongly agree
1. Schools should emphasize important knowledge more than students' personal interests.
2. Teachers should emphasize interdisciplinary subject matter that encourages project-oriented, democratic classrooms.
3. Schools should emphasize the search for personal meaning more than a fixed body of subject matter.
4. The primary aim of education is to develop a person's intellectual capacity.
5. Schools should emphasize basic skills more than humanistic ideals.
6. Teachers should guide student learning rather than lecture and disseminate information.
7. The best teachers encourage personal responses and develop critical awareness in their students.
8. The goals of education should be similar for everyone; all students should understand the important literature, mathematics, and science of Western civilization.
9. The purpose of schools is to ensure practical preparation for life and work more than personal development.
10. Curriculum should emerge from students' needs and interests; it should not be prescribed in advance.
11. The best education emphasizes the great works in the arts and humanities.
12. It is more important for teachers to involve students in activities that analyze and criticize society than to accumulate a lot of information.
13. Education should enhance personal growth through problem solving in the present more than emphasizing preparation for a distant future.
14. Human nature's most distinctive quality is the ability to reason; therefore, the intellect should be the focus of education.
15. Schools often perpetuate racism and sexism that is camouflaged as traditional values.
16. Teachers should help students learn a common core of knowledge, not experiment with their own views about curriculum.
Now, to find your score for each of the four philosophies:
Perennialism: Add the numbers for your responses for #4, 8, 11, and 14
Progressivism: Add the numbers for your responses for #2, 6, 10, and 13
Essentialism: Add #1, 5, 9 and 16
Postmodernism: Add #3, 7, 12 and 15.
Obviously, the bigger the number, the more prone you are to have that specific philosophy on teaching.