1765: The Stamp Act Congress convened in New York to draw up colonial grievances against England.
1849: Poet-writer Edgar Allan Poe died at age 40.
1949: The Republic of East Germany was formed.
1968: The Motion Picture Association of America adopted its film-rating system, ranging from "G" for general audiences to "X" for adults only.
1982: Andrew Lloyd Webber's "Cats," the longest running show in Broadway history, opened.
1985: The Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro was hijacked by Palestinian gunmen in the Mediterranean.
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